hundreds of migrants from the caravan party a month ago in Honduras have reached the border between Mexico and the United States, while thousands of others were progressing quickly on Wednesday towards the north. The first groups of migrants central american gathered on the beach of Tijuana, in the mexican State of Baja California, a border city adjacent to San Diego in California, and some are mounted on the metal barrier that separates the two countries.

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“We are not criminals,” chanted some of the migrants to the address of the american president Donald Trump, who has made 5800 military to the border. At least eight migrants have crossed the metal barrier and were quickly detained by u.s. border officers, has found an AFP journalist. The us Defence secretary, Jim Mattis, has made Wednesday a visit to McAllen, Texas, where he said the military deployment was “necessary” and “absolutely legal”.

Infographie Le Figaro

At the border post of San Diego, the us authorities have reduced the access routes for automobiles and installed barriers of concrete and barbed wire, as well as San Ysidro and Otay Mesa, other points of entry to California. On 9 November, Donald Trump has signed a decree that allows you to automatically reject asylum applications filed by persons who crossed illegally the border with Mexico, in an attempt to deter the migrants to continue their journey.

Three caravans, more than 10,000 people

A hundred migrants of the caravan had reached Sunday in Tijuana and, on Tuesday, some 350 others have joined them. All belong to the caravan in the majority of Hondurans party on 13 October from the city of San Pedro Sula, in northern Honduras. Behind them, the main part of the caravan progressed rapidly across the State of Sonora, north-western Mexico. Tuesday night, they had preferred to continue their night trip on board of vehicles rather than rest. More than a thousand reached Wednesday, the town of Guaymas. “We are a machine, nothing stops us!”, shouted Soyer Dominguez, a migrant from guatemala 32 years since one of the twenty school bus yellow, which formed the convoy. “We want to arrive as soon as possible, the more rapidly it’s been over a month since we left our country”, told AFP Saul Rivera, a Salvadoran 40 years.

on the american Side, the border guards, horse-riding, ensure. JORGE DUENES/REUTERS

groups “catholics, bus owners and members of the civil society are organized” to make available these bus, said Edmundo Marquez, in charge of the protection of migrants within the local government of the State of Sonora. “We are going to arrive sooner than we thought!”, if excited in the morning, waiting to go up in a car, Lilian Canales, a Woman of 23 years who has brought her baby on the 2.500 kilometres already travelled by the caravan. The priest Miguel Angel Soto, who helped the migrants to get of the bus, was however pessimistic: “They are determined, but they are not going to pass. Tijuana is going to be a cul-de-sac, where the people are not ready to accommodate so many people.”

According to the united Nations, the caravan is counted up to 7000 migrants, but many of them have abandoned en route or broke off in small groups of the procession in the main. They are 6011 (902 minors) to be able to Guadalajara, in the State of Jalisco (west), according to figures from local authorities. In addition to Hondurans, nationals of Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, el Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru and Venezuela have joined in the procession. Two other caravans, of approximately 2000 people each, have also taken the path of the United States from central America.

More than 4,000 miles from Honduras to the u.s. border

● 13 October: departure of San Pedro Sula (north of Honduras)

● 19 October: arrival to the border between Guatemala and Mexico

● 4-10 November: day in Mexico (capital of Mexico)

● November, 14: 1000 migrants arrive in Guaymas (State of Sonora)

● November, 15: 350 migrants arrive at Tijuana (on the border with the United States)