unemployment Benefits should be increased for all Russians, not just for those who lost work because of the coronavirus, said Prime Minister of Russia Mikhail Mishustin during a meeting with the President of the Russian Federation, which was broadcast channel “Russia 24”.
the Situation of coronavirus has affected the labor market in Russia and in the world.
“In these circumstances, many employers have had to restructure their operations. On the one hand, to protect their employees from the disease, with another — to provide the work of enterprises,” — said Mishustin.
the Amount of state support of economy of Russia in conditions of the pandemic is constantly growing and reached 3.3 trillion rubles State support has grown 1.5 times since mid-April. Subsidies government salaries in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the size of the minimum wage for the next two months covering more than 50% of the wage Fund SMEs. Salary payments in the amount of the minimum wage is not the entire payroll of SMEs, but it is 30% of the costs.
Earlier, the government launched the program of crediting of the enterprises by 2% per annum for the preservation of jobs. The state compensates to banks the rest of the bet. The size of the loan for the company calculate on the basis of one minimum wage for each employee, then the amount multiplied by loan term. The repayment period is April 1, 2021.
From 6 April 2020, small companies could take the credit for the year: in the first six months, the rate is zero, and the next 4%. Then the Russian President announced new measures to support the business. In the end subsidized loans to the salary — at 0% — is available to all companies, micro, small, medium and large.
Unemployment in Russia in April accelerated to 5.8% — the highest level since April of 2016, follows from the data of Rosstat. The number of unemployed in Russia rose by 800 thousand people.
“In April 2020, according to the assessment using the preliminary results of the sampletion of the labour force survey, 4.3 million people aged 15 years and over, or 5.8% of the labor force were classified as unemployed (according to methodology of the International labour organization), — reported in the report of Rosstat. — At the same time registered as unemployed at the employment service of the population, according to the current 1.3 million people, including 1.1 million people were receiving unemployment benefits”.
the Number of unemployed amounted to 1 January 2020 3.5 million people, according to Rosstat. The increase in actual unemployment in Russia up to 5-6 million people according to the methodology of the International labour organization by the end of 2020 it is possible, but needs anti-crisis measures to maintain employment, according to the Ministry of labour and social protection of the Russian Federation.